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Dhanurmasa Vrat December 16, 2021 To January 14, 2021 | Prayers To Lord Vishnu In The Dawn

PurePrayer presents an insight into the practices and observances during Dhanurmasa Vrat.

The entry of Sun into Dhanur Rashi (Sagittarius), which happens in the middle of December, is denoted as DhanuH Sankramana, a period of special significance and positive energy. It marks the onset of winter. It is also the onset of Uttarayana Punya Kala. Dhanurmasa Vrat is being observed from from December 16, 2021 to January 14, 2022.

During Dhanurmasa Vrat, Pujas are offered to gods in temples and at homes in the early hours of the morning called Brahmi Muhurtam, which is approximately one-and-a-half hours before the actual sunrise, throughout Dhanur Maas. Practice of early rise and offer of libations in the early hours, before sunrise, rejuvenates with positive energy in us and can result in good health.

The Sun moves from one zodiac sign (Rashi) to another and spends a month in each of these twelve zodiac signs: Mesha, Vrishabha, Mithuna, Kataka, Simha, Kanya, Tula, Vrischika, Dhanus, Makara, Kumbha and Meena. This is known as Sankraman of each of these respective Rashis (Zodiac).

How did Dhanurmasa Vrat come to practice?

According to Puranic literature, including Mahabharata, Lord Indra committed the highest sin called Brahma Hatya by killing Vritrasura, who was a committed devotee of Lord Vishnu, as Vritrasura was tormenting the entire universe.

Vritrasura had defeated Indra and usurped his throne and had displaced him from the heaves. Later, Indra was advised by sages to observe Dhanurmasa Vrat to get relieved from the sin and regain the throne. Indra, along with his consort Shacheedei, observed this Vrat for one full month and offered “Mudganna” every day to Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. At last, he procured the vision and the grace of Lord Vishnu and got relieved from the ill-effects of Brahma Hatya Dosha. Lord Indra was able to kill Vritra and reclaim his throne.

What is Mudganna or Huggi prepared in Dhanurmaas?

People across India offer Mudganna to Lord Vishnu during Dhanurmaas in the early hours of morning, which is considered highly meritorious. Mudganna or ‘Huggi’ is especially prepared with equal quantities of rice and moong dal and offered to the Lord as Naivedya.

Scientifically, consumption of Mudganna or Huggi in the early hours of morning during winter (Dhanus Masa) is very good for our health as the other ingredients of Huggi, namely ginger and pepper, drives away the ill-effects the cold season.

Why we should not miss out Dhanurmaas Vrat?

Dhanurmaas Vrat finds mention in Agni Purana:

|| Yastu dAridrabuddhyA mudgAnnam na nivEdayEt|

| ViShNavE kArmukE prAtaha saptajanmasu nirDhanaha||

“Anyone who, even with a miserly sense, does not offer Mudganna to the Lord in the early hours of morning during Dhanurmasa, shall be impoverished in the next seven lives”.

What are Merits of offering Mudganna?

|| daDhyArdrakam cha mudgAnnam dadyAchChailAguDOjjwalam|

| susuKhOShNam sakandam cha ViShNavE yaH samarpayEt||

|| DruShTwA tachChuBhamudgAnnam santuShTO BhaktavatsalaH |

| dadAti sakalAn BhOgAn mOkSham cha JagadeeshwaraH|

 

-SmrutimuktAvali

The Lord will be highly impressed if Mudganna is prepared in the manner specified in the Shastras and offered to him in the prescribed manner and he will not only bestow all comforts of life but also salvation in the end through knowledge or realization of ultimate truth.

|| ಕೋದಂಡಸ್ಥೇ ಸವಿತರಿ ಪ್ರತ್ಯೂಷ: ಪೂಜನಾದ್ಧರೇ: |

| ಸಹಸ್ರಾಬ್ಧಾರ್ಚನಫಲಂ ದಿನೇನೈಕೇನ ಲಭ್ಯತೇ ||

|| कोदंडस्थे सवितरि प्रत्यूष: पूजनाद्धरेः |

|सहस्राब्धार्चनफलं दिनेनैकेन लभ्यते ||

One day of worship in Dhanurmasa is equal to 1000 years of worship. In the Bhagavatha purana, lord Krishna inculcates the Gopikas to offer Pujas to Goddess Katyayani (Durga) during the Dhanurmasa to obtain Lord Krishna as their husband. Hence, it is also a practice of those seeking marriage to practice Dhanurmaas Vrat.

The following Shlokas have to be chanted during Dhanurmasa Vrat:

|| ವಿಷ್ಣುಪ್ರಿಯ ವ್ಯತೀಪಾತ ಪಿತೃಣಾಮನೃಣಪ್ರದ |

| ಪಿತೃಣಾಂ ಮಮ ವೈಕುಂಠಂ ಪ್ರಯಚ್ಚ ಭಗವಾನ್ ಹರೇ |
| ತ್ವತ್ಪ್ರಸಾದೇನ ಮೇ ಭಕ್ತಿರಸ್ತ್ವೇವಮನಪಾಯಿನೀ |

| ಜ್ಞಾನವಿಜ್ಞಾನವೈರಾಗ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರಯಚ್ಚ ಭಗವನ್ ಮಮ ||

|| ಅನೇನ ಧನುರ್ವ್ಯತೀಪಾತಪೂಜಾರ್ಘ್ಯ ತಿಲ ತರ್ಪಣಾದಿಕರ್ಮಕರಣೇನ ವಿಷ್ಣುಚಕ್ರಾಂತ: ಸ್ಥಿತಸುದರ್ಶನಾತ್ಮಕ ಸಂಕರ್ಷಣರೂಪಿ ಪರಮಾತ್ಮಾ ಪ್ರಿಯತಾಂ ||

|| विष्णुप्रिय व्यतीपात पितृणामनृणप्रद ||

|| पितृणां मम वैकुंठं प्रयच्च भगवान् हरे |

| त्वत्प्रसादेन मे भक्तिरस्त्वेवमनपायिनी ||

|| ज्ञानविज्ञानवैराग्यं प्रयच्च भगवन् मम ||

|| अनेन धनुर्व्यतीपातपूजार्घ्य तिल तर्पणादिकर्मकरणेन विष्णुचक्रांत: स्थितसुदर्शनात्मक संकर्षणरूपि परमात्मा प्रियतां ||

|| viShNupriya vyatIpAta pitRuNAmanRuNaprada || 

|| pitRuNAM mama vaikuMThaM prayacca BagavAn hare |

| tvatprasAdena me BaktirastvevamanapAyinI || 

|| j~jAnavij~jAnavairAgyaM prayacca Bagavan mama ||

 

|| anena dhanurvyatIpAtapUjArGya tila tarpaNAdikarmakaraNena viShNucakrAMta: sthitasudarSanAtmaka saMkarShaNarUpi paramAtmA priyatAM ||

Having chanted this mantra, the entire Dhanurmasa Vrata has to be offered at the feet of lord Vishnu. It bestows peace, prosperity, wealth and liberation to all devotees.

Some more Stotra Mantras have been mentioned here for your practices:

Krishna-Dwadasha-Nama Stotram

|| ಪ್ರಥಮಂ ತು ಹರಿಂ ವಿದ್ಯಾತ್ ದ್ವಿತೀಯಂ ಕೇಶವಂ ತಥಾ |
| ತೃತೀಯಂ ಪದ್ಮನಾಭಂ ತು ಚತುರ್ಥಂ ವಾಮನಂ ತಥಾ || 1||

|| ಪಂಚಮಂ ವೇದಗರ್ಭಂ ಚ ಷಷ್ಠಂ ತು ಮಧುಸೂದನಮ್ |
| ಸಪ್ತಮಂ ವಾಸುದೇವಂ ಚ ವರಾಹಂ ಚಾಷ್ಟಮಂ ತಥಾ || 2||

|| ನವಮಂ ಪುಂಡರೀಕಾಕ್ಷಂ ದಶಮಂ ತು ಜನಾರ್ದನಮ್ |
| ಕೃಷ್ಣಮೇಕಾದಶಂ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ತಂ ದ್ವಾದಶಂ ಶ್ರೀಧರಂ ತಥಾ || 3 ||

|| ಏತದ್ದ್ವಾದಶ ನಾಮಾನಿ ಮಯಾ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ತಾನಿ ಫಲ್ಗುನ |
| ಕಾಲತ್ರಯೇ ಪಠೇದ್ಯಸ್ತು ತಸ್ಯ ಪುಣ್ಯಫಲಂ ಶೃಣು ||4 ||

|| ಚಾಂದ್ರಾಯಣಸಹಸ್ರಸ್ಯ ಕನ್ಯಾದಾನಶತಸ್ಯ ಚ |
| ಅಶ್ವಮೇಧಸಹಸ್ರಸ್ಯ ಫಲಮಾಪ್ನೋತಿ ಮಾನವಃ || 5 ||

 

|| प्रथमं तु हरिं विद्यात् द्वितीयं केशवं तथा |

| तृतीयं पद्मनाभं तु चतुर्थं वामनं तथा ||1||

|| पंचमं वेदगर्भं च षष्ठं तु मधुसूदनम् |

| सप्तमं वासुदेवं च वराहं चाष्टमं तथा ||2||

|| नवमं पुंडरीकाक्षं दशमं तु जनार्दनम् |

| कृष्णमेकादशं प्रोक्तं द्वादशं श्रीधरं तथा ||3||

|| एतद्द्वादश नामानि मया प्रोक्तानि फल्गुन |

| कालत्रये पठॆद्यस्तु तस्य पुण्यफलं शृणु ||4||

|| चांद्रायणसहस्रस्य कन्यादानशतस्य च |

| अश्वमेधसहस्रस्य फलमाप्नोति मानवः||5||

Lakshmi Dwadashanama Stotram

|| ಶ್ರೀದೇವೀ ಪ್ರಥಮಂ ನಾಮ ದ್ವಿತೀಯಂ ಅಮೃತೋದ್ಭವಾ |

| ತೃತೀಯಂ ಕಮಲಾ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ತಾ ಚತುರ್ಥಂ ಲೋಕಸುಂದರೀ ||

|| ಪಂಚಮಂ ವಿಷ್ಣುಪತ್ನೀ ಚ ಷಷ್ಠಂ ಶ್ರೀವೈಷ್ಣವೀತಿ ಚ |

| ಸಪ್ತಮಂ ತು ವರಾರೋಹಾ ಅಷ್ಟಮಂ ಹರಿವಲ್ಲಭಾ ||

|| ನವಮಂ ಶಾರ್ಙ್ಗಿಣೀ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ತಾ ದಶಮಂ ದೇವದೇವಿಕಾ |

| ಏಕಾದಶಂ ಮಹಾಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀರ್ದ್ವಾದಶಂ ಲೋಕಸುಂದರೀ ||

|| ಶ್ರೀಃ ಪದ್ಮಾ ಕಮಲಾ ಮುಕುಂದಮಹಿಷೀ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀಽಸ್ತ್ರಿಲೋಕೇಶ್ವರೀ |

| ಮಾ ಕ್ಷೀರಾಬ್ಧಿಸುತಾಽರವಿಂದಜನನೀ ವಿದ್ಯಾ ಸರೋಜಾತ್ಮಿಕಾ ||

|| ಸರ್ವಾಭೀಷ್ಟಫಲಪ್ರದೇತಿ ಸತತಂ ನಾಮಾನಿ ಯೇ ದ್ವಾದಶಃ |

| ಪ್ರಾತಃ ಶುದ್ಧತರಾಃ ಪಠಂತಿ ಸತತಂ ಸರ್ವಾಂಲ್ಲಭಂತೇ ಶುಭಾನ್ ||

|| ಭದ್ರಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀಸ್ತವಂ ನಿತ್ಯಂ ಪುಣ್ಯಮೇತಚ್ಛುಭಾವಹಮ್ |

| ಕಾಲೇ ಸ್ನಾತ್ವಾಽಪಿ ಕಾರ್ವೇಯಾಂ ಜಪ ಶ್ರೀವೃಕ್ಷಸನ್ನಿಧೌ ||

|| ಇತಿ ಶ್ರೀ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀ ದ್ವಾದಶನಾಮಸ್ತೋತ್ರಂ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣಮ್ ||

 

|| श्रीदेवी प्रथमं नाम द्वितीयं अमृत्तोद्भवा |
| तृत्तीयं कमला प्रोक्ता चतुर्थं लोकसुन्दरी ||

|| पञ्चमं विष्णुपत्नी च षष्ठं श्री वैष्णवी तथा |
| सप्तमं तु वरारोहा अष्टमं हरिवल्लभा ||

|| नवमं शार्ङ्गिणी प्रोक्ता दशमं देवदेविका |
| एकादशं महालक्ष्मीः स्यात् द्वादशं लोकसुन्दरी ||

|| श्रीः पद्मा कमला मुकुंदमहिषी लक्ष्मीऽस्त्रिलॊकेश्वरी |

| आ क्षीराब्धिसुताऽरविंदजननी विद्या सरॊजात्मिका ||

|| सर्वाभीष्टफलप्रदेति सततं नामानि ये द्वादशः |

| प्रातः शुद्धतराः पठंति सततं सर्वांल्लभंते शुभान् ||

|| भद्रलक्ष्मीस्तवं नित्यं पुण्यमेतच्छुभावहम् |

| कालॆ स्नात्वाऽपि कार्वेयां जप श्रीवृक्षसन्निधौ ||

|| इति श्रीलक्ष्मीद्वादशनामस्तोत्रं सम्पूर्णम् ||

Dhanurmasa Vrata Celebrations in Tirumala Tirupati

This apart, the Dhanurmasa Vrata is especially celebrated in Tirumala -Tirupathi temple of Lord Venkateshwara. The first Ekadashi (11th day) occurring during Dhanurmasa is celebrated with observing fasting by all.

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